Treatments

The treatment of childhood cancer depends on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, the family’s preferences and the child’s overall health.
 
The following are general descriptions of treatments that may be used as part of your child’s treatment plan:
 
  • Surgery (removal of the tumor, either cancerous or noncancerous, and surrounding tissue)
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy (cancer vaccines, monoclonal antibodies and interferons)
  • Stem cell transplantation/bone marrow transplantation
    • There are two types: allogeneic (ALLO) and autologous (AUTO)