Hodgkin's disease is generally considered one of the more curable forms of cancer. Treatment options include:
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be given in many forms including pill, injection and via a catheter. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells, but also some healthy cells.
- External radiation therapy: In this procedure, radiation is directed at the tumor from a source outside the body to kill the cancer cells. In many cases, both chemotherapy and radiation are used to cure a patient of Hodgkin’s disease. The choice of treatments will be based on the extent of the disease and the location of the affected lymph node(s).
- Bone marrow transplantation: During the procedure, bone marrow is removed, treated and frozen. Large doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy are then applied to kill the cancer cells. After treatment, the bone marrow is replaced via a vein. Transplanted bone marrow may be the patient's bone marrow that was treated to remove cancer cells or marrow from a healthy donor.
- Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: Stem cells (very immature cells that produce blood cells) are removed from circulating blood before chemotherapy or radiation treatment and then replaced after treatment.
- Splenectomy: This is the surgical removal of the spleen, an organ that is part of the lymphatic system.