The good news is that with improvements in diagnosis and treatment, overall cure rates for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have reached 90 percent. The use of risk-adapted treatment protocols has improved cure rates while limiting the toxicity of therapy.
Treatment for this disease usually involves chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is given to the child until a complete remission is achieved. Additional drugs may also be used to kill any malignant cells remaining after chemotherapy. All chemotherapy is stopped after two to three years of treatment. In very high risk cases or relapses, bone marrow transplants may be an option for treatment.