Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Treatments

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatment options are based on stage, and include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation and other drug therapies.

There are also two phases of childhood AML treatment and consolidation/intensification therapy:

  • Induction therapy: Induction therapy is the first phase of childhood AML treatment. The purpose of induction therapy is to kill the leukemia cells in the blood and bone marrow, which will put the leukemia into remission.
  • Consolidation/intensification therapy: Consolidation/intensification therapy is the second phase of childhood AML treatment that begins once the leukemia is in remission. The purpose of post-remission therapy is to kill any remaining leukemia cells that may not be active but that could begin to regrow and cause a relapse.