Cardiovascular Surgery

​There are many different types of cardiovascular surgery. The purpose of cardiovascular surgeries may include:

  • Repair or replace the valves that control blood flow through the heart's chambers
  • Bypass or widen blocked or narrowed arteries to the heart
  • Repair aneurysms, or bulges, in the aorta, which can be deadly if they burst
  • Implant devices to regulate heart rhythms
  • Destroy small amounts of tissue that disturb electrical flow through the heart
  • Make channels in the heart muscle to allow blood from a heart chamber directly into the heart muscle
  • Boost the heart's pumping power with muscles taken from the back or abdomen
  • Replace the damaged heart with a heart from a donor

Cardiovascular surgeries that are commonly performed at the Heart Hospital at Saint Francis include coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and heart valve surgery. During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to a blocked coronary (heart) artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses (or goes around) the blocked portion of the coronary artery. This creates a new path for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart muscle. CABG can relieve chest pain and may lower your risk of having a heart attack. Heart valve surgery is used to repair or replace diseased heart valves.

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