Many lung and respiratory problems are chronic or long-term. These common breathing problems include chronic sinusitis, allergies and asthma. These problems can cause a host of symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, itchy or watery eyes, chest congestion, cough, wheezing, labored breathing and shallow breathing.

Above all, the most important and effective treatment for lung diseases is to stop smoking. Doing so results in improvement in lung function during the first year after quitting and a return to a normal rate of change in lung function thereafter.

Other treatment options include:
  • Medications such as bronchodilators and inhaled steroids
  • Home oxygen therapy
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation (a program that helps you learn to exercise and manage your disease with physical activity and counseling)
  • Physical activity training (activities to help your arms and legs get stronger and/or breathing exercises that strengthen the muscles needed for breathing)
  • Surgery (doctors may suggest lung surgery to improve breathing and help lessen some of the most severe symptoms)