Trauma surgery is a specialty dedicated to the care of the individual who has been injured. Many trauma patients are the victims of car crashes, stabbings and gunshot wounds. Trauma can also be caused by falls, crush type injuries or a pedestrian being struck by a car.
In the case of severe trauma, such as a catastrophic car crash, the trauma surgeon may be one part of a surgical team that includes vascular surgeons (to repair damage to blood vessels), orthopedic surgeons (to repair broken bones) and other surgeons, as needed. The complexity in trauma surgery arises from the many organ systems involved in a traumatic injury.
The key to excellent care is timely recognition of all injuries sustained and prioritization of those injuries to optimize patient care.